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Cultural cattle breeders of the silver country

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In Argentina, on the contrary – in the north it is hot, but in the south it is cold. They say that some Indians lived here, but they are far from as vigorous as in North America. The Spaniards, who arrived in the 16th century, ignored them and declared the territory the property of Spain. But the Indians did not seem to know about it. The Spaniards found silver here and called the country Argentina, that is, from the word "argentum", which in Latin means "silver." Then it turned out that they got excited, there was not much silver. But the name was left anyway – beautiful.

GEOGRAPHY WITH HISTORY

But it turned out that it is good to breed cattle here. This and to this day are engaged – Argentina is mainly an agrarian country, where except for cows and sheep they grow wheat, fruits and grapes.

In Argentina there are Pampas, Patagonia, Grand Chaco and Andes.

Patagonia is a high, windswept plateau located in the south of the country. In the summer, this stony, plateau-covered plateau is red-hot, and in winter it freezes deeply. Patagonia is a cattle-breeding region. Here, sheep are grown, from which wool and skins are obtained.

Hilly Pampa is also an animal breeding area. This is in the east.Fazendy there are huge, the fields are endless, they breed dairy cattle and raise the famous Argentine wheat, which did not give an opportunity to the heroes of Babel's stories.

On the hot northern outskirts of the country, Pampa gives way to extensive swamps and rare bushes of the Gran Chaco plain. The dry steppes of Gran Chaco are also an animal breeding area, but cotton is also grown there.

In the west, a mighty chain of Andes, along which the border with Chile is passing, is rising. In warm foothills, olives, citrus fruits and grapes are grown. Livestock farming is very small. Even less they are engaged in the Tierra del Fuego, and are not engaged at all only in Antarctica, part of which is also considered Argentina. And in Buenos Aires, which is simply called the Capital, they try not to remember livestock at all – it's ridiculous to talk about cows, manure and species for harvest at the center of world culture.

Agriculture products account for three-quarters of the country's total exports. Strictly speaking, they make up all the exports that are worth talking about. But Argentina also produces cars, television sets, aircraft, electrical goods and textiles. And even export them somewhere.

Discovered Argentina Spaniard Juan Diaz de Solis, sailed here in 1516. But there was nothing from this until in 1580 the Spanish colonists from Peru passed over the Andes and founded Buenos Aires. In it, the masses went to the Italians and the British, and behind them many different others. European settlers just started the war of liberation and in 1816 they dropped Spanish oppression. And then they started a civil war. Finally, in 1861 a strong government came to power in the country. Argentina began to flourish, and this continued until the late 20-ies of the XX century.

Then, having entered the world crisis, Argentina entered the era of mess and military coups. In 1946, Colonel Juan Peron became the president of the country, a classic, but he was also thrown out. Another 20-odd years of brothel, and in 1973, Peron returned to power. But a couple of years later he died inappropriately, and his wife Isabel became the ruler, which was not slowed to overthrow. The authorities in 1976 seized the junta with General Videla at the head, and the times of almost classical fascism began. The role of the Cheka and the Gestapo played, which they abducted, tortured and killed. It concerned, of course, only the capitals and only the intelligentsia.If you approach purely arithmetically, then 9000 to 35 million people – a real miser, but these six years have forever been a wound in the memory of Argentines.

Finished the Nazis, as always ends up – got involved in an external war. In 1982, Argentina, which considers the Falkland Islands its territory and calls them the Malvinas, tried to seize them. The defeat inflicted by England led to the fall of the junta and the establishment of democracy. As usual, instead of saying to England and America (who guided British planes from their satellites), Argentine patriots still spit in their direction.

COUNTRY OF WHITE PEOPLE

It's hard to believe, but at the beginning of the 20th century, Argentina was considered almost the richest in the world, leaving behind North America with Northern Europe and the gross national product, and the giant export – meat, grain, wool. The proverb even was this: "Rich, like an Argentine." Hence, thousands of Europeans who tried to find prosperity in the picturesque foothills of the Andes – the southern Italians, the Basques, the Galicians and Catalans, the pedantic Germans and the Austrians with the Swiss, the Irish with the Scots, the Russians with the Jews, moved with the Pyrenees.The density of the native Indian population was already very low, but there were no Africans in the country. Thus appeared in South America a completely white country, Catholic in spirit, Spanish in terms of expressing thoughts and more or less European in style of life. They say that only one brunette has survived in Buenos Aires. All the other ladies are natural blondes.

Then, a century ago, each newcomer chose a lukewarm place, according to his own ideas about the right life. Relatively few descendants of conquistadors – no more than 10-15% of the country's population – have dissolved into later settlers. Yes, the Galician accent is still heard everywhere. Along with Catalan, Italian and German.

Frost-resistant Scots, for example, soon figured out the last surviving Indians, climbed into the delightful Patagonia, with the net glaciers and marvelous lakes, closer to the 37th parallel, sung by Jules Verne in Captain Grant's Children. And they began with the mountain obstinacy and obvious success to plant sheep and build roads.

Russians and Jews, scattered in an insignificant amount throughout the country, largely settled in the capital.In which, as in any self-respecting capital, there are representatives of various nationalities, including those rare for Latin America. For example, Syrians. The current president, Carlos Menem, among other things, is from the Syrians. A Muslim by birth, even if baptized in adulthood, he nevertheless was elected head of state – an excellent illustration of the new Argentine constitution, democratic and tolerant, allowing even the president not to be a hereditary Catholic.

As in any decent country, Argentina has its own Switzerland. Different from other regional Switzerland by the fact that they live there, all surprisingly, the indigenous Swiss. In the XIX century, in the Helvetic Confederation, it was probably so uncomfortable that poor people reached out to the distant continent in search of a better life. And found it in the Andes, among the mountain scenery, clear lakes and relict pines, where today stands the city of San Carlos di Bariloche, at two o'clock in the summer from Buenos Aires. Accustomed to exhausting work and not spoiled by a good climate, they subsisted fishing, skiing and, obeying national inclinations, slowly developed tourism. Already.A resort for curious Brazilians. The area of ​​Bariloche was finally mastered at the beginning of the 20th century. There and today – solid Swiss, in the third or fourth generation. Architecture – chalets. Favorite product – chocolate.

Chocolate, unlike wool or grain, is not exported, but is eaten in nemerenyh quantities on the spot. In Bariloche there are at least a dozen huge chocolate shops, on which Argentinean Swiss people hang around, and in front of the entrance there is a master chocolate-maker of the same origin who immediately cooks a sweet product. One of the famous varieties, existing the last hundred years, is called "Mamushka" (with emphasis on the second syllable), is a living witness of the friendship of peoples.

The present Bariloche is an amazing ski resort of a completely world-class level, where the Europeans and Americans (they are hot at this time and ski is not a season) go with pleasure in the summer, and the Brazilian neighbors – to look at the snow (the snowflakes are stacked, not guessing that they melt). The climate is very similar to ours, but housing is cheaper. This circumstance took advantage of Sylvester Stallone, who was not slow to acquire a villa in this paradise. Nothing prevents you to follow his example and build – no, not a villa, but a modest house, this way for 100-120 square meters. A thousand for $ 40, including a piece of wonderful forest of hectares at 10-15.

In Argentina, they love Europeans. They show their benevolence as they can, not letting strangers feel that they are strangers. Despite the notorious talkativeness, Argentines can even listen to a stranger. When it comes to that.

The European for the Argentine is the bearer of culture – how tall, so ancient. And the culture is respected there. For many Argentines, Europeans are still an alternative to the Yankees. If we bear in mind the traditional dislike of all Latin Americans for gringos, it becomes clear that the Europeans are for them a historical counterweight to North America. Their love for Europe and dislike for the United States affect everything – on education, on travel, on the way of thinking. Their Argentina is part of Europe, abandoned by the will of fate to another continent. There are many confessions, there is no discrimination, disorder and sociability are akin to the Russian one.

Argentines do not like to travel abroad, preferring to travel around their country, enough for this diverse and interesting. If they go on holiday abroad, they choose Paris, London or Brussels, traveling around, more precisely, flying around the unloved, albeit close northern neighbors.

The same with children. Young heirs are not sent to study in the US, even English.If the European university does not have enough money, they try to send a child to England, France, Germany for at least a couple of months. But even the lucky ones who happened to graduate from Oxford, most often in the Old World do not settle – patriots.

Buenos Aires for any Argentine – the center of both the country and the universe. A place where they return from distant wanderings, because it is better than him – no. "How delightful is Buenos Aires in the evening light, the lights of Kavanagh and Komega." Or so: "The street of Juan Bautista Alberti, read novels in growling buses, raw annoying weather." The charming names – Coimbra, Monte Redondo, Martingans, Pampillos, sung by Cortázar and Borges. The enveloping accordion accords of the tango of Astor Piazzolla, not tarnished by age, are already included in the repertoire of classical musicians. The thunder of the football stadium, the fans, convinced that Argentine football is the most correct football in the world. The historical match for the chess crown of the 1927 sample between Alexander Alekhine and Jose Raul Capablanca, which brought Alekhine the title of world champion.

To the credit of Buenos Aires, his present worthy of a grandiose past.Even today it remains one of the most tusovka and cultural centers of the world. In any case, the Argentines are sure of this. Teatro Colon (Theater of Columbus), in which, in addition to Latin American musicians, world stars play with pleasure. By the way, in the same theater once, for the first time, tango was performed publicly, then only just appeared.

Everything is concentrated in the capital. The population of Buenos Aires and its suburbs is more than a third of the country's population. When the city is asleep, it is unclear. Discos opening at midnight, reach the peak of attendance by the middle of the night. Capital Portenio (Buenos Aires dandy), as well as the good-natured fathers of families with household members (including babies), having dinner at two or three in the morning in a restaurant, is a standard picture.

Different national communities prefer to group in certain areas, without doing so from their national or confessional identity of the cult. One of the streets, which is a continuous chain of cute jewelry shops, almost entirely belongs to the Armenians. The Jewish community, the fourth largest in size after Israel, the United States and Russia, has as many as 400,000 people. The siesta in Buenos Aires is not – it's not hot.Therefore, the metropolitan residents are not as relaxed as most South Americans. The influence of the continent has an easy impact on time: late for a half-hour-hour meeting is not considered late at all. One of the favorite expressions: "Why worry today – tomorrow will always come."

However, neglect of the time does not affect business activity. For example, in construction – Argentina is experiencing a construction boom today. Shops, offices, motorways are being built. Reconstructed the famous metropolitan area of ​​port taverns La Boca – the small homeland of tango. An enterprising person who wants to develop his own business will not lose by focusing on the service sector. With Argentines, it's easy to compete, because they do not like to recycle. With $ 20,000 and connecting fate with small business, you can confidently look to the future: a small sports hall, a hairdresser, a massage parlor, a workshop, a cafe will provide it.

FEATURES OF THE NATIONAL CUISINE

Food in Argentina does not stand out as anything special, and its standardity is very annoying. You can go to any district of the city, yes that the city – in any city, in any cafe or restaurant, you will see a standard set in the menu. It is difficult to understand.For some reason, in any point of Argentina in any ice-cream parlor the same varieties (of course, their 20-30, but everywhere the same), for some reason the choice of standard dishes in the restaurant is 5-10 names, well, so Further. And there are exceptions, but there are so few of them that they do not change the picture as a whole. But it has its positive side – go to Jujuy (the province is like this, the letter J here is read as "X"), you will be sure that you will not die of hunger, as you can always order milanesa con papas fritas or empanadas. And completely tasteless confectionery – the impression that besides dulce de leche (boiled condensed milk) and cream does not exist.

The national dish is asado. Actually, this is not a dish even as it does not require special preparations. The only thing necessary is an iron grating, a couple of bricks, coal and meat. They put bricks on top of them put a grate, set fire to the coals and wait until they burn out. Then, lightly pouring meat, throw it from above, on the grate. After 15-20 minutes, everything is ready. You get a national Argentinian dish, without which they can not live in any country in the world, however, as without mate. This, of course, a simplified description of the preparation of asado, if you cook it in a field or where there is no parrilla. And usually parrilla is in every house. Parrilla is something like a stove, only on the street.With a pipe and grate on the chains to adjust its position over the coals. Argentines say that steaks and cows are the biggest and tasty. Naturally, in the world. May be so.

"Yerba Mate" is a national drink, similar to green tea, and the method of preparation is the same. The only difference is that they pour the grass in a special vessel (like a cup) made of wood or pumpkin – mate, pour hot with unswettled water and suck it through a tube – bombilla.

The restaurants do not play music and no one dances. People come here to eat and drink wine. Eat their favorite asado, they eat a lot, but habits do not last long. He ate and went on. If they celebrate a holiday, then again they eat for a long time, then they sing a song Feliz cumpleanos, they drink ciders (a drink similar to a sparkling wine on apples or pineapples or something else, many like it) and to their homes.

There are, of course, establishments similar to the American ones, where you can eat and entertain. They are called "discos" and. These are large chic complexes from several halls – in one restaurant, in another cafe, in the third billiard with sharks in the aquarium and a huge screen on the wall, in the fourth – a disco, in the fifth – an open-air restaurant with fountains. Choose what you like more. It is worth, of course, more expensive – $ 50- $ 70 together.

And in Argentina there is the Iguazu Falls. They say it's a miracle of nature. Iguazu is located on the territory of two states – Argentina and Brazil. "Great Waters," as the indigenous Indians of Guarani aptly call it, is the most spectacular waterfall in the western hemisphere. He is 21 meters taller and three times wider than Niagara (that's for you, damned Yankees!). 275 turbulent swirling cascades with the roar of a squadron of fighters angrily boiling from top to bottom, admiring and frightening simultaneously exotic representatives of local fauna and migratory tourists.

The Devil's Throat is the center of this attraction. Fourteen swift streams are united here. For 100 meters of the way the water element is gaining such strength and speed that it seems, is about to destroy the gorge. The gorge in an unknown way resists the avalanche and announces to the world its victory with an unchanging rainbow. To the Argentine water rapids, including those through which the waters descend into the Devil's Throat, one can get close to winding mountain trails. Desperate daredevils are swimming under streams of cascades. Their return to shore is considered a great success and is celebrated accordingly.

Prepared researchers of the waterfall in special outfits, like spiders, descend down, almost closely approaching the streams. They say it's a feat to get out of the canyon upstairs.And on the territory adjacent to the waterfall, the Argentines created a national park. After wandering through these jungles, you will meet exotic animals and birds. Usually they are friendly, but it's not recommended to get close to them.

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Argentina: Iguazu National Park

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On the border of Argentina with Brazil and Paraguay is the famous National Park "Iguazu", covering an area of ​​55 thousand hectares.

The park is considered one of the modern wonders of the world – there are 275 waterfalls (Arayagaray, Belgrano, Benjamin-Constant, Rivadavia, Adam and Eve, Ramirez, Salto Escondido, Salto Floriano, Union, Miter, etc.), about 5000 per second cubic meters of water from a height of about 70 m. Here is the largest waterfall of the continent – Iguaçu (Cataratas del Iguazu), which is 3 to 4 kilometers wide, and also the famous cascade of 14 waterfalls Gargante del Diablo ("Throat" devil "), which runs the border between Brazil and Argentina.

The banks of the gorges, through which Parana's water rushes uncontrollably, are interconnected by a whole system of openwork metal bridges along which one can pass to the majority of waterfalls, even a tiny tourist train that connects the most remote parts of the cascades. Around the waterfalls lies the National Park, which protects thousands of species of exotic birds, butterflies and unique tropical vegetation (the park continues on the territory of Brazil).

Reviews and travel history

Iguassu must feel.I have never seen other waterfalls of this magnitude so it will be difficult to compare with anything. One I can say. The water is magical and crazy. Read more →

laureen38 | February 2016

The water flew with wild noise down, and from all angles it was seen that the rain seemed to drive it up and it ran even faster and its currents broke with great force against the rocks. Read more →

laureen38 | February 2016

Walking along the upper trail over the waterfalls, we decide to go watch the most powerful waterfall – the Devil's Throat. To get there, you need to go on a special train. Read more →

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Airtickets, cheap Flights Arkhangelsk-Buenos Aires

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Airtickets, cheap Flights Arkhangelsk-Buenos Aires

Flight from Arkhangelsk to Buenos Aires is carried out by four airlines.

The average price of airfares from Arkhangelsk to Buenos Aires this month is 329,779 rubles.

Airlines often reduce the prices of flights that depart at night or early in the morning, as well as flights with departures in the middle of the week. You can buy an inexpensive ticket from Arkhangelsk to Buenos Aires if you book it in advance. Now the cheapest ticket for the next 30 days is worth 109 736 rubles.

The maximum price of the flight from Arkhangelsk to Buenos Aires – 940 853 rubles.

How to find the cheapest airfare for Arkhangelsk – Buenos Aires?

Buying tickets for round trip is cheaper. Therefore, we recommend that you immediately look for tickets from Arkhangelsk to Buenos Aires and back. The prices for air tickets depend on the time of departure and the day of the week, see the flights to neighboring dates to choose the cheapest and convenient option.

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Airtickets, cheap Flights Astana-Buenos Aires

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Booking of air tickets

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Airtickets, cheap Flights Astana-Buenos Aires

Flights from Astana to Buenos Aires are carried out by 9 airlines.

The average cost of airfares from Astana to Buenos Aires this month is 199 987 rubles.

Airlines often reduce the prices of flights that depart at night or early in the morning, as well as flights with departures in the middle of the week. You can buy an inexpensive ticket from Astana to Buenos Aires if you book it in advance. Now the cheapest ticket for the next 30 days is worth 131 939 rubles.

The maximum price of the flight on the route Astana – Buenos Aires – 359 227 rubles.

How to find the cheapest flight from Astana to Buenos Aires?

Buying tickets for round trip is cheaper. Therefore, we recommend that you immediately look for tickets from Astana to Buenos Aires and back. The prices for air tickets depend on the time of departure and the day of the week, see the flights to neighboring dates to choose the cheapest and convenient option.

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